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Book Review: On Philosophising, Philosophers, Philosophy and New Vistas in Applied Philosophy, by Dr. Sharmila Jayant Virkar

A little bit of context before you begin reading this book review. I have recently enrolled for an MA in Philosophy at the University of Mumbai. Philosophy is something I have been getting interested in, over the past few years, as those of you who have been reading my blogs and Instagram posts would know. During the pandemic, I thought long and hard about what I wanted to do next, and this is what I eventually came up with. It has been a challenge, getting back into academics as a student at this age, especially in a subject I have no academic background in. However, it has also been very exciting, especially thanks to my wonderful classmates (who, surprisingly, are of all age-groups, including some quite near my own) and my teachers, who have been very supportive and understanding. How well I will do is something that remains to be seen, but so far, I am enjoying this new journey and look forward to where it leads. Now that you know the background , you probably get an idea of how

Temples of Bikaner - Part 3: Laxmi Nath Temple

The temple resounds with bhajans, sung of Meera and Krishna. Devotees enter, and settle down in any available space, and join in the singing, enthusiastically. It’s evident that everyone knows the words. There are no queues, but there is a sense of order. No one is in a hurry. They wait patiently for others to have darshan before getting up for a closer look at the Lord. The temple is small, but beautiful, with intricate paintings on the ceiling. There is no space to stand and admire, so I sit down, along with everyone else, and allow my eyes to wander over the ceiling, rather than the image in the sanctum.




The Laxmi Nath Temple was built in 1504, during the reign of Rao Luna Karan, the 3rd king of Bikaner. There might have been older shrines around, or even right here, but this was one of the first Hindu temples built here. It is dedicated to Vishnu, seen here as Laxmi Nath, along with his consort, Laxmi, the goddess of wealth, suggesting that, during that period, the early 16th century, there was a strong Vaishnavite presence in Bikaner. This is believed to have been one of the earliest temples built by the royal family, and the Lord is believed to have been their patron deity, under whose influence they ruled this land.

The main shrine is a small one, as I have mentioned, and the paintings on the ceiling are embellished with gold, a technique we see at the Junagadh Fort as well. Around the central temple are other smaller shrines, dedicated to the many Gods of the Hindu pantheon. The entire complex is a walled one, and photography is prohibited.

The Laxmi Nath Temple Complex, as seen from the Jain temple


The Laxmi Nath temple is located right next to the Jain temple, and both temples would have been constructed around the same time. While the Jain temple, being more elaborate, took over 40 years to build, and was completed in 1514, the Laxmi Nath temple took 22 years to complete, and was ready by 1526.

The spires of the Laxmi Nath Temple, as seen from the Jain temple


A comparison of the two temples leads to some interesting thoughts. Built roughly around the same time, the architecture, as well as the ornamentation of the Jain temple is far more elaborate. While the Laxmi Nath temple is considered to be the temple of the royalty, does it also hint that the merchants even then had far more wealth available, even for construction of temples, than royalty?


And yet, it is the Laxmi Nath Temple which is a hub of activity, with locals visiting and offering prayers. While the Jain temple is also under worship, the visitors are more tourists than locals, since many of the wealthy Jain merchants have shifted to other cities and only visit occasionally. 

A newly married couple visit the temple, immediately after their wedding. This, apparently, is a common custom in the area. 

Disclaimer: These posts are based on two trips to Bikaner – the first one, a personal trip, and the second, when I was invited by Narendra Bhawan. While the first was an enjoyable experience with my family, I barely spent a day here, and while it was enough to see the sights, it was too quick to leave an impression.

The second trip, which was on invitation from Narendra Bhawan, filled the gaps and added a context to all that I had seen before, which actually helped me write. While the experiences are courtesy Narendra Bhawan, the words are, needless to say, all my own! 

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